Read the text and answer the questions following it.

Chinese New Year is the celebration of the New Year in Chinese communities around the world. The date of the Chinese New Year is determined by the lunar calendar, so festivities begin with the new cycle of the moon that falls between January 21 and February 19. Each year is named for one of 12 symbolic animals in sequence. The animals are: the rat, ox, tiger, hare, dragon, serpent, horse, ram, monkey, rooster, dog and boar. The New Year celebration is the most important and the longest of all Chinese festivals, traditionally lasting for two weeks. During the period, towns and villages are decorated with colored lanterns, floral exhibitions, and brightly colored banners with New Year greetings. Preparations traditionally began in the home the week before the New Year, when families thoroughly clean their houses to symbolically sweep away all traces of misfortune. They also pay of debts, add a new coat of red paint to doors and windowpanes, and decorate the home with flowers. To avoid bad luck, parents warn their children to be on their best behaviour. On the evening before the New Year, families gather for a feast of various dishes of seafood and dumplings. Each dish has symbolic meaning, often signifying good luck and prosperity. At midnight, families light fireworks to attract the attention of benevolent god and to frighten away evils spirits. The fireworks last until dawn, although celebrants may light more fireworks for the next two weeks.

  1. How is the date of the Chinese New Year determined?

The date of the Chinese New Year is determined by the lunar calendar.

2. When do festivities begin?

Festivities begin with the new cycle of the moon that falls between January 21 and February 19.

3. Why do families light fireworks?

Families light fireworks to attract the attention of benevolent god and frighten away evils spirits.

4. The word various is synonymous to different.

2. Write the verbs in the right tense form.

After I had had lunch at a village inn, I (1) looked for my bag. (to look) (2). I had left it on the chair beside the door but it wasn’t there! (to leave). As I (3) was looking for it, the inn-keeper came in. (to look for)

“Did you have a good meal?” he asked.

“Yes, thank you. ” I answered, ” but I can’t pay the bill. I haven’t got my bag. “

The inn-keeper (4) smiled and immediately went out. (to smile). in a few minutes he returned with my bag and (5) gave it back to me. (to give)

“I am sorry, ” he said. My dog had taken in into the garden. He often does this”.

3. Translate the sentences form Armenian into English.

Եթե մենք նրան չօգնենք, նա չի կարողանա ավարտել աշխատանքը։

If we don’t help him, he won’t be able to finish the work.

Թոմն ասաց, որ նա չի կարող ընդունել մեր առաջարկը։

Tom said that he couldn’t accept our offer.

Ջորջը նկատեց, որ անձրևանոցը մոռացել է տանը։

George noticed that he had forgotten the umbrella at home.

Տնօրենն ասաց, որ փաստաթղթերը պատրաստ կլինեն ժամը 3-ին։

The director said that the documents would be ready at three.

Երբ ես խոսեցի նրա հետ, նա շատ բարկացած էր։

When I spoke to him, he was very busy.



I think I’ve got too many books.

There are too many people in there.

I think I’ve eaten too much food.

I spend too much time on the computer.


I don’t really like my town. Every summer too many tourists come here, so there are too many cars in the streets, and that means there’s too much noise. There aren’t enough places for teenagers to go, either. There are lots shops but there are always too many people in them! And most of the clothes shops are for old people- there aren’t enough shops for young people like me!



Ex9 (b)

  1. Anything else?
  2. If you say so
  3. It’s up to you
  4. There’s no point in complaining.
  5. You’ve left things all over the place.
  6. There’s nothing wrong with that.

Ex 12(a)

The first holiday will last four days, and the second one will last ten days.

You will spend your holidays with a family in both cases.

In the first case you will be on Leasdale Farm, while in the second case you will live in a British city.

In the first case you will learn how a farm really works.

In the second case you will get the chance to improve your English.



1.There’s too much smoke in here; I can’t breathe.

2. I don’t earn enough money to buy that car.

3. My manager says that I play  well enough to win the competition.

4. I know I talk too much. I should talk less.

5. I don’t think the door is wide enough to get the sofa into the room.

6. Too much money can be bad for football players who are still in their 20s.

7. I ate too many cakes and felt sick later.

8. I can’t drink this milk. It’s too hot.

9. I think I’ve eaten too much. I don’t feel very well.

10. There weren’t enough people to play a match, so everybody went home.

  1. You work _____; you need a holiday.

a. too much

b. too many


2. My parents got angry because my marks weren’t _____.

a. enough good

b. good enough

c. too much good

3. I can’t help you. I have _____ problems right now.

a. too much

b. too

c. too many

4. He didn’t accept my project because he said it wasn’t _____.

a. too much good

b. enough good

c. good enough

5. This house is _____ small; we need a bigger one.

a. too

b. too much

c. enough

1.There were  too many people at the concert and we couldn’t see anything.

2. I’ll talk to you later; I’m  too busy now.

3. You aren’t well enough to go to work. You should stay home.

4. You are  too nice. You must learn to say ‘no’ to people who ask you for favours.

5. You spend  too much time at the computer. You should play outside more often.

6. You look exhausted. I think you work  too hard.

7. You can’t run 10 miles. You aren’t fit enough; you need more training.

8. Please, don’t put  too much sugar in my coffee; I don’t like it too sweet.

9. I don’t like people who ask too many questions.

10. We don’t have enough time to have another coffee; we need to leave now



a.The play is  օn Monday at 9:30  at night.

b. My neighbour plays basketball   on Sundays.

c. The post office is at the corner of my street.

d. There is a travel agency   on Park Avenue.

e. Melissa’s birthday is in March.

f. Doris has English classes in March.

g. There is a pharmacy on   the left.

h. Her sister works in the shopping mall.

i. Our teacher’s birthday is on February 2nd.

j. Mary lives on 342 Park Street.

k. I study in the morning and work in the afternoon.

2. Now, lets complete with the prepositions: on, in, at, across from, between, around, next to.

a. Elizabeth lives in this street.

b. The Chinese restaurant is next to the clothes store.

c. There is a great cinema between the supermarket and the drugstore.

d. My house is across from the park.

e. There is a shoe store  around the corner.

f. I live in Gemini Street.

g. Mary’s work is on 65 Mason Street.

h. Leslie’s birthday is in December.

i. Jamie’s soccer classes are   on Mondays and Fridays.

j. Liza’s father lives across from the park, near the church.

threaten-likely to cause harm or damage to someone or something

uninhabitable-cannot be lived in

rising-getting bigger or getting higher

rough-not smooth, violent

refuse-say that you will not do or accept something

source-the place something comes from or starts at

tiny-very small

reduce-make smaller, make lower



Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.

She sang a song. – A song was sung by her.

Somebody hit me. – I was hit.

We stopped the bus. – The bus was stopped by us.

A thief stole my car. – My car was stolen by a thief.

They didn’t let him go. – He wasn’t allowed to go.

She didn’t win the prize. – The prize wasn’t won by her.

They didn’t make their beds. – Their beds weren’t made by them.

I did not tell them. – They were not told by me.

Did you tell them? – Were they  told by you ?

Did he send the letter? – Was the letter sent by him?

Fill in the verb in the Past Active or Passive Voice.

The Cape of Good Hope … (discovered / was discovered) by Bartolomeo Dias.

The clown … (entertained / was entertained) the public.

We … (arrived/ were arrived) at the camp in time.

Many experiments … (did/ were done) under water.

Many people … (invited / were invited) to the festival.

They … (discussed / were discussed) many exciting things.

I … (learnt / was learnt) many interesting things in this unit.

What artist … (painted / was painted) this picture?

Ex. 2(b)

This photo was taken  two years ago.

She’s really upset because her bicycle was stolen last night.

These houses were built in the seventeenth century.

This book was written in 2007.

Computers were not used in our school until 1977.


The dead man was found late last night.

The house was robbed at midnight.

I am often confused with my older brother.

A lot of litter is dropped on the streets in our town.

A film was made about the earthquake.

She is called “the Queen of Music”.

The Empire State Building was completed in 1932.

Our classroom window was broken last night.


 My day off

My name is Gegham. I am thirteen. I go to school five days a week, so I have two days off — Saturday and Sunday. So, I get up very late on Saturday and Sunday. I enjoy staying in bed and playing computer games. I usually have late breakfast. I stay at home and watch TV, listen to music. I often go for a walk with my friends. In the evenings I like to watch films. I always go to bed late on Saturday and  Sunday. I like weekends because I can rest.



Choose from the following prepositions at, by, for, from, in, on, with and complete the sentences.

Where do you come from     ?

My cousin lives   in   Norway.

They are walking on  the bridge.

I don’t like flying, so I went to Paris by   bus.

You can stay    with   me tonight.

My birthday is  on  29th February.

I’ll see you at   Christmas.

Put the books on  the table, please.

I haven’t seen you  for   ages.

I like this house   by   the river.

Use the verbs in brackets to complete the sentences. Use the correct tense.

1. When I  looked out of the window, I  saw John.

2.  Have you ever  played the piano since you left school?

3. I  have not seen him for two days.

4. When he tried to open the door, he  dropped his key.

5. They  have lived in this house since 1987.

6. My father  was washing his car while my mother and I  were preparing dinner.

7. Did you  meet her yesterday?

8. Mary  has been in London for three days.

9. The headmaster  entered the classroom when they  were writing their exams.

10. He bought a new car last week.

11. I think that they  will arrive tomorrow morning.

12. Last Wednesday they  played chess after they  had done their homework.

Choose the correct pronouns to complete the sentences.

1. The old woman lived alone, with —- to look after —-.

A) someone / her

B) anyone / herself

C) everyone / she

D) no one / her

E) anyone / she’s

2. —- two rings here on my little finger belonged to —- grandmother.

A) These / my

B) That / mine

C) Those / me

D) The / myself

E) This / my

3. When the little boy grabbed the lizard, —- tail broke off in —- hand.

A) it’s / his

B) it / him

C) its / his

D) it / one’s

E) its / he’s

4. A baby learns the meaning of words as —- are spoken by others and later uses —- in sentences.

A) their / they

B) they / them

C) they / themselves

D) it / them

E) they / it

5. Some of these clothes are —-, and the rest of —- belong to Zack.

A) yours / it

B) my / them

C) hers / their

D) me / they

E) mine / them

6. As for —-, I prefer to let people make up —- minds.

A) myself / each other’s

B) I / his own

C) mine / one another’s

D) me / their own

E) my / theirs

7. The solicitor wrote a letter to Ann and —- in which he asked us if we could settle the matter between —-.

A) I / us

B) me / us

C) myself / ours

D) mine / our

E) me / we

8. As —- cuts it as well as he does, I always have my hair cut at Johnson’s.

A) anyone

B) someone else’s

C) no one else

D) everyone

E) nobody’s

9. They decided to buy the house because —- location would allow —- to get to work very easily.

A) theirs / them

B) it / themselves

C) its / them

D) they / us

E) its / their

10. Our dog is of a very good breed as —- is the offspring of two very champion dogs and inherited —- features.

A) this / its

B) he / them

C) she / theirs

D) that / his

E) it / their

 Complete the following exercise with adjective or adverb form of the words.

1. That pitbull looks angry.

2. She spoke  quietly.

3. Erica listened to her mother carefully.

4. Mary makes  careless mistakes.

5. Children grow  quickly.

6. He is very happy today.

7. It’s raining heavily.

8. Morgan was  seriously hurt in a car accident. (serious)

9. His situation was very serious.


Queen Elizabeth II

Queen Elizabeth II is Head of State of the United Kingdom, Head of the Commonwealth and Supreme Governor of the Church of England.

Her reign began on the 6th February 1952.

Top 10 facts

The Queen was the elder daughter of Prince Albert, the Duke of York and his wife (Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon). She had a younger sister called Margaret Rose.

Following the death of her grandfather King George V in January 1936, Elizabeth’s uncle David became the new King Edward VIII

The Queen married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh in 1947.

The Queen heard of the death of her father while she was on tour in Kenya. Her coronation was held at Westminster Abbey on the 2 June 1953.

She has four children – Charles, Prince of Wales; Anne, Princess Royal; Andrew, Duke of York and Edward, Earl of Wessex. She also has eight grandchildren.

1992 was a difficult year for the Queen. Windsor Castle caught fire and the marriages of her three eldest children foundered.

In June 2012 the Queen celebrated her Diamond Jubilee – 60 years on the throne.

The Queen is the constitutional monarch.

There have been 12 Prime Ministers during her reign. The first of these was Sir Winston Churchill.

As Head of State the Queen formally opens each new parliamentary session.



Complete the sentences below with the correct form of adjectives.

1- If you want to be much healthier, you should exercise every day. ( healthy)

2- In order to become wealthier than others, some people start criminal activities. (wealthy)

3- My new car is prettier than my old one. (pretty)

4- Everyone struggles to have even happier life in the future. (happy)

5- My brother is luckier than me. (lucky)

6- She is a little uglier than her older sister. (ugly)

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of adjectives in parentheses.

1- She was the most dangerous guy for the U.S.A. (dangerous)

2- My nephew is stingier than my uncle. (stingy)

3- Sydney is the most beautiful city in Australia. (beautiful)

4- Who is the richest man of the world in this century? (rich)

5- What is the most convenient way to become filthy rich in your life? (convenient)

6- My English is not better than yours. (good)

7- Not listening to good advice is one of the worst habits of my younger brother. (bad)

8- Our English class is more interesting than your math class. (interesting)

9- Learn ESL is one of the best websites in the world. (good)

10- USA is one of the most modern countries in the world. (modern)

11- Can you name the largest province of our country? (large)

12- Washington is the most  expensive city in the USA. (expensive)

Choose the best options.

1. Tom is feeling very ______.




2. Nokia is a _______ company.




3. Ahmad is _______ than his brother.




4. Amongst the three brothers, Jawed is the ________




5. She will live ______ than him.





6. What about this? Isn’t it _______?




7. The test was ________ than I thought it would be.


more difficult

most difficult

8. He is the ________ boy in his class.




9. This locality is ________ than ours.


more expensive

most expensive

10. You are so ________, I am sure you can pick this up.





1. My roommate reminded me that passengers —- (are not allowed to / don’t let) use electronically operated devices on the plane.

2. The hotel management —- (is allowed to / lets) us use the mini bar in our room.

3. Holidaymakers —- (are not allowed to / do not let) interfere with the timetable arranged by the tour guide.

4. John’s parents —- (are allowed to / let) him have an expensive and comfortable holiday.

5. I —- (am not allowed to / don’t let) go out in the evenings.

6. Students —- (are not allowed to / don’t let) use their calculators during the exams.

7. The guards —- (are not allowed to / don’t let) visitors in after dusk.

8. Pets —- (are not allowed / don’t let) in the classrooms.

9. Jim —- (is not allowed to / doesn’t let) Jeffrey talk bad about him.

10. Nobody —- (is allowed to / lets) smoke at the gas station.



I’ve had my bicycle for two years and it’s great!

My mum has worked in this hospital for three years.

Has Maria lived here for a long time?

How long have your parents been married?

I haven’t seen my friend Tom for a long time.

Diana and Jenny have been friends since 2004.


For a week, for two years, for an hour, for a month, for a long time.

Since Christmas, since 1999, since Saturday, since I was 11, since last weekend


I’ve studied English since I was 11.

They’ve been married for 20 years.

John has had his bicycle since last Christmas.

I haven’t seen Mark for ages.

We have lived here since 2001.

Maria hasn’t spoken to John since yesterday


I really like Sara. I’ve known her since I was ten.

You have had a cold for two weeks. Go to the doctor!

My mum’s really good at French. She has studied it for five years.

I don’t know where Peter is. I haven’t seen him since this morning.

We haven’t been to the cinema for a long time. Why don’t we go this weekend?



The first sentence is in the ACTIVE VOICE. Choose the most correct way of saying the same thing in the PASSIVE VOICE:

1. They were interviewing her for the job.

She was being interviewed for the job.

  was being interviewed

  was interviewed

  has been interviewed

2. Tom is writing the letter.

The letter  is being written by Tom.

  was written

  is being written

  has been written

3. Everyone understands English.

English  is understood by everyone.

  is understood

  has been understood

  was understood

4. The employees brought up this issue during the meeting.

This issue  was brought up by the employees during the meeting.

  has been brought up

  is brought up

  was brought up

5. The professor told him not to talk in class.

He  was told by the professor not to talk in class.

  has been told

  was told

  was being told

6. They say that women are smarter than men.

Women are said to be smarter than men.

  were being said

  were said

  are said

7. The fire has destroyed the house.

The house  has been destroyed by the fire.

  has been destroyed

  was being destroyed

  is destroyed

8. She would have told you.

You would have been told by her.

  would have been told

  would be told

  were being told

9. She would reject the offer.

The offer  would be rejected by her.

  will have been rejected

  would be rejected

  will be rejected

10. This surprises me.

I am surprised by this.

  would have been surprised

  will be surprised

  am surprised

Write passive sentences in Simple Present.

The documents are printed.

The window is opened.

The shoes are bought.

The car is washed.

The litter is thrown away.

The letter is sent.

The book is not read.

The songs are not sung.

The food is not eaten.

The shop is not closed.